Political adn intellectual outlooks of the civilization of egypt and mesopotamia

He was also the highest level spiritual leader. The king led the military, administered trade, judged disputes and performed certain important religious ceremonies. Mesopotamians developed specialized crafts and supported private entrepreneurship.

So, once the king died, they usually placed his mummified body in a tomb with all the belongings he had while he was alive. When it comes to the political system of Egypt, Egypt has a central government style of politics.

While the Sumerians developed the world's first monarchy, the Harappans may have developed the first democrac…y. The political powers in their society were somewhat separated from their religion.

In Egypt, upper-class women were greatly revered, and goddesses made up much of the religious pantheon. Egypt grew prosperous from the surplus of food from the fertile Nile valley. Some sources say Mesopotamia stood out for women's nearly equal status, including the rights to own land, request a divorce and do business in their own names.

The Sumerians appear to have developed the wheel and possibly the sailboat and the Harappans developed ox-carts and small flat-bottomed boats all of which were used commercially. Both societies developed around rivers; the name "Mesopotamia" comes from the Greek meaning "land between the rivers," in reference to the Tigris and Euphrates.

The religious views of Egypt and Mesopotamia were rather different. From the construction of the cities however it does appear there were some social classes, as the citadel is usually 20 feet higher than the middle and lower town. The Mesopotamians tend to represent more of a belief system rather than a controlling force in their religion.

More about Egypt The geographical location of Egypt made it very hard to invade.

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Very little evidence has been found of a king in the Indus Valley, only one white priest-king idol and a silver crown; not enough to establish that the "royalty" were the rulers. Kings were not considered divine but were high priests of the state.

Both civilizations were centered on religion. In short, it can be said that there was no gender equality in Mesopotamia. They all had kings, governments, religions and a social structure. The grain is considered the most important element in the Egyptian society.

Egypt was built on both the sides of the River Nile. This distinction was also present in religious life. Egypt Writing emerged in Egypt during the first two dynasties and was known as hieroglyphics.

Textual evidence indicates that they had a form of congress or assembly for making key political decisions using a consensual approach; and that they held courts to make legal judgements over such things as house ownership, divorce and inheritance settlements, and slave rights.

The pharaoh was held to be descended from gods, with the power to assure prosperity and control the rituals that assured the flow of the Nile and the fertility derived from irrigation. The most import accomplishment by which Egyptians are remembered today is the construction of pyramids.

High status women could even learn to read and write and were given considerable administrative authority. This state was to last years.

They advanced along parallel lines in mathematics, science and technology although in different areas.

These contrasts included geographic orientation, cultural emphases, political organization and other aspects. In the Indus Valley however the lowest class contained the servants, workers and wage earners who performed the tasks no one else wished to do.

Labor requisition by the states allowed construction of the great pyramids and other huge public buildings. Egyptian civilization may at the outset have received some inspiration from Sumer, but a distinctive pattern soon developed in both religion and politics.

New Articles Ancient Mesopotamia Political Structure The Sumerians built the first human civilizations; located in southern Mesopotamia, they invented all the major aspects that would be adopted by the later Semitic Mesopotamian civilizations: This was especially seen in the higher society. At times one city would try to conquer and unify the region, but such efforts were resisted and failed for centuries.

So, like most early culturesMesopotamia did not treat the women well as the Egyptians did. Monumental Architecture When comparing what we know about these two early civilizations, it stands out that Egypt is especially known for its impressive architecture and monuments such as the pyramids.

Among the rivers the Sumerian people built the first cities along with irrigation canals which were separated by vast stretches of open desert or swamp where nomadic tribes roamed. Narmer, king of southern Egypt, conquered the northern regional kingdom and created a unified state miles long.

They even lacked pulleys or other devices to hoist the huge slabs of stone that formed the pyramids. Egypt And Mesopotamia Compared The development of two great early civilizations in the Middle East and North Africa encourages a first effort at comparative analysis.

Mesopotamia, Egypt and Hebrews Mesopotamia and Egypt are known as the “place of the first civilization” followed by the Hebrews.

These three societies traded extensively, but there was a difference in economic area. Political Adn Intellectual Outlooks Of The Civilization Of Egypt And Mesopotamia. The civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and China were all different but were also developed similar ways of doing things.

The political, economic and intellectual outlooks of these ancient peoples say a lot about their ways of life. The religious views of Egypt and Mesopotamia were rather different. II. The political, economic and intellectual outlooks of these ancient peoples say a lot about their ways of life.

The religious views of Egypt and Mesopotamia were rather different. II. Politics The political thinking of these ancient civilizations definitely had their differences and also their similarities.

A. What general conclusions can you draw about the differences in the political and intellectual outlooks of the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia? Compare especially Egyptian and Mesopotamian religious views.

Differences Between Mesopotamia & Ancient Egypt

In what ways did the regional geography influence the religious outlooks of these two civilizations? %(3). Jan 24,  · What were the political and intellectual outlooks of the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia? How did geography influence the religious outlooks of these two civilizations?

Old Civilizations (egypt, mesopotamia, etc)? Who had a better michaelferrisjr.com or Africa (Mesopotamia)? Answer michaelferrisjr.com: Resolved.

Political adn intellectual outlooks of the civilization of egypt and mesopotamia
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Ancient Mesopotamia Political Structure